FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT (FRA)
What is Fire Risk Assessment?
A fire risk assessment is an evaluation of a structure to determine its fire risk and, if necessary, make recommendations to make the structure safer. The evaluation must be methodical, thorough, and follow a logical path through several stages. It must be specific to fire safety and the premises concern.
What actually a Fire Risk Assessment consists:
Identify the hazards:
- Anything that can cause a fire, such as naked flames, heaters, or commercial procedures like cookers or hot-air dryers
- Anything that can burn in a fire, such as waste heaps, display materials, fabrics, or other combustible objects
- Oxygen sources, such as air conditioning, medical devices, or commercial oxygen supplies, that could make a fire worse.
Identify people at risk:
- People who work in close proximity to or in the presence of fire hazards
- Children or parents with babies
- Elderly persons
- Disabled people
- People who work alone or in isolated locations such as storerooms
Evaluate, remove or reduce the risk:
- Wherever possible, remove the fire threats you identified – for example, waste build-up – and minimize any hazards you can’t remove totally.
- Use fewer flammable materials in place of highly flammable ones.
- Keep everything that can start a fire away from flammable items. After you’ve reduced the risk as much as possible, you’ll need to assess any risks that can’t be removed and determine what fire safety measures to implement.
The fire safety measures that must be included in the Fire Risk Assessment
Fire detection and warning system. You must have a fire detection and warning system in place. Whatever system you use, it must be capable of alerting everyone in the building in any situation. You must choose which type of fire alarm system is appropriate for your location. This is determined by the size and layout of your facility. The arrangements to evacuate your premises, as well as means of escape, are an important aspect of any emergency plan.
- Make sure the escape path is as short as possible, and consider about how many people will be utilising it.
- Consider the implications if one of the escape routes is blocked. Ensure that all escape routes are accessible.
- Ensure that escape routes are kept clear of any impediments, such as stock, and that they are not used for storage.
- All staff should be informed and trained on how to exit the premises.
- Install an emergency lighting system
- Identify all escape routes with appropriate signs.
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